Factsheet: Alopecia

Alopecia describes hair loss which can occur in men, women or children...

Alopecia

What is alopecia?

Alopecia describes hair loss which can occur in men, women or children. There are two main types of hair loss - alopecia areata and adrogenetica alopecia. Alopecia areata is an immune disorder which launches an attack on the hair follicles causing hair loss. Adrogenetica alopecia is an inherited form of baldness.

What are the symptoms of alopecia?

Typical symptoms of alopecia areata show that patients usually lose small round patches of hair on the scalp, face and chest. Other parts of the body such as eyelashes, eyebrows and genitals may also be affected.

How can alopecia be treated?

This condition is generally treated with corticosteroids drugs as these help reduce the body's immune response. Other causes of this type of alopecia are hair treatments, illness or post surgery, side effects of some medical drugs. In some cases alopecia occurs because of an existing medical condition in the body.